Format() Function for Strings : VBA

Posted: July 2, 2013 by Theodoulus in Excel, VBA
Tags: , , , ,

Many times we encounter with such a situation when we have a “String” and from this string we need to fetch a value in fromat of  Date, Percentage, Currency, Fixed, Scientific, Yes/No, On/Off etc.

Here comes the most used function of VBA, The “Format() Function”.

Syntax:
Format(Expression,[Format])

Expression is the String which you pass in order to fetch the desired output. Format is the optional argument. If you don’t pass Format then you will get the same String which you passed as input.
Although, Excel has it’s own formats for the data but You can define your own [Format] too. Here is the list of the Defined Formats in the Excel 2007:

General Number     -This gives you the same string as you passed as input
Fixed              -Atleast one digit on the left and two digits after the decimal place
Currency           -With Thousand Separators along with 2 decimal places
Standard           -Thousand separator, atleast one digit at the left of decimal place and two digit at
                    the right the decimal place
Percent            -Displays the percent value with two digits at the right of decimal place
True/False         -True for zero and False for Non-Zero
On/Off             -OFF for Zero and On for non Zero
Yes/No             -Displays No for zero and Yes for non-zero

Examples:

  Format("1234","General Number")            'returns 1234
  Format("1234","currency")                  'returns $1,234.00
  Format("1234","Fixed")                     'returns 1234.00
  Format("1234","Standard")                  'returns 1,234.00
  Format("1234","Percent")                   'returns 123400.00%
  Format("1234","Yes/No")                    'returns   Yes
  Format("1234","General Date")              'returns 5/18/1903
  Format("1234","Long Date")                 'returns Monday, May 18, 1903             
  Format("1234","MMM, DDDD YYYY")            'returns May, Monday 1903
Advertisements
Comments
  1. Thomas Ellebæk says:

    Interesting that Format is the most used function in VBA. Do you have any reference?

    I don’t know for sure, but I agree that a simple string-function is probably top of the lift. Here are a few other candidates:
    Left, Right, InStr, Replace, MsgBox, Now, Date, DateSerial, IsNumeric, IsDate, IsEmpty

    But I guess the discussion doesn’t really make sense before we agree upon a definition of a VBA function 🙂

Share your thoughts/feedback

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s